Administrator: An administrator performs the service of maintaining a network resource, including registering users and user passwords.
The person who is responsible for setting up and maintaining a network. Duties of the administrator include installing software, assigning passwords, making backups, and finding a way to restore the network when it goes down.
Best Practice: In the Computer industry, as in other disciplines, there is an excepted “best practice” or methodology to produce the best results. While the “Best Practice” is not always the only method, it has been established by professionals in the industry as the way to successfully achieve the desired results.
Beta: When new software is developed, a “beta” or new version is released. In the computer world, new means often means “under construction”. It is best to avoid beta versions.
BIOS: Basic Input/Output System. A set of instructions stored on a ROM chip which handles all input-output functions. The BIOS communicates between the operating system and the computer's hardware. This is a part of the computer firmware (computer dedicated software). The BIOS is responsible for testing and cold booting of the operating system. Provides fundamental services required for the operation of a computer. These routines
are generally stored in Read Only Memory (ROM). They control basic hardware operations such as interactions with hard disk drives, CD ROM drives, keyboard, etc.
bps: Bits per second. The amount of bytes of information that is transferred in one second.
Control- Alt- Delete: Combination of keys to engage all at the same time to perform certain functions on the PC, such as rebooting a PC. The CTRL and ALT keys are held down while pressing the DEL key.
CD ROM: Compact Disk, Read only Memory. A CD ROM is a plastic disk that has information on it. The data on the CD ROM can only be read, installed or copied to another location. It cannot be changed on the CD.
CompTIA: One of the world leaders in certification testing. The CompTIA A+ certification is an international industry credential that validates the knowledge of PC computer technician. The skills and knowledge measured by the A+ examination were derived from an industrywide job analysis and validated through an industrywide survey of many participants.
CPU: Central Processing Unit. This is the piece of hardware that resides on the motherboard inside your computer. Intel, AMD, Cyrix are the primary types of CPU’s. Heat is the enemy of your CPU. The CPU is the “brain” of your computer.
Delete: To erase data from a file or remove a file from a storage medium. On the computer, deleted files are no longer visible in the directory, but the files may still be on the disk, and recently deleted files may still be recovered through the use of software. Deleting is manual removal of a file, program, etc. UN-installing is always a better option than just deleting.
Desktop: The desktop in the computer world is not the piece of furniture that your computer sets on but rather the display on your monitor.
Download: To transfer files or data from one computer to another. Every time you instruct your computer system to retrieve your mail, you are downloading your mail to your computer. To download means to receive; to upload means to transmit.